Overspent this year? Here's how to put your finances back on track – and even get ahead.
Despite the best intentions, many of us will finish this year on a low note financially. Wouldn't it be great to start the New Year for once without having to play catch-up?
Now is the perfect time to start planning your financial strategy for the year ahead. Here are our top five financial resolutions that you can make right now, so you'll be in a better position by next December.
Resolution 1: I will review my household spending
A detailed budget can be the most valuable tool you have for managing your finances. A good place to start is by using the MoneySmart Budget Planner. First, list your total income from any earnings, allowances and investments. Then, add in all your weekly, monthly and annual expenses, including the costs to repay any debts like credit cards or your home loan. That way, you'll know exactly how much you have left over each week or month for extra luxuries – or where you might need to tighten your belt.
Resolution 2: I will manage my debts
Clearing your debts might be easier said than done – but whatever you do, don't stop chipping away at them. Remember, the longer your debts stay with you, the more you'll have to spend on interest.
If your debts are getting you down, talk to your financial adviser. They can help you work out a realistic repayment plan and could even be able to develop a strategy that could make debt management a bit easier.
For example, if you're surrounded by credit card bills, you might be able to consolidate your debts on a single card with a lower interest rate than what you're currently paying. Or if you feel like you're not making any progress paying off your home loan, you might be able to switch to another loan provider who's offering a more competitive rate.
Resolution 3: I will improve my cash flow
If you find yourself living from one pay cheque to the next, it might be time to take a look at your incomings and outgoings to see if there's a way to smooth out your cash flow.
Of course, this will mean something different for everyone. There might be opportunities to boost your income, either by working more hours in your current job, doing some extra work on the side, or finding a new role that pays more. Or if none of those options are possible for you, it might be a case of revisiting your budget to see if there are any lifestyle changes you could make.
Resolution 4: I will start saving
Once you've got your cash flow and debts sorted, it's much easier to create a realistic savings plan and stick to it.
Saving can become even easier if you open a high-interest savings account. And by setting up a direct debit, you can automatically deposit a fixed amount from your everyday account as soon as you get paid. This will give your savings a better chance of growing without you having to put in the hard yards.
If you're saving for something specific, like a holiday or a new car, you should also check out the MoneySmart Savings Goals Calculator. By keying in the amount you need to save, your preferred timeframe and the rate of interest your savings account earns, you can then work out how much you'll need to put aside each week or fortnight so you can reach your goal.
Resolution 5: I will focus on the future
By getting your finances under control, you'll be in a better position to start thinking about your long-term investment strategy. Depending on your situation, you might prefer to focus on either your super or your non-super investments, or a mixture of both. If you're not sure, your financial adviser can give you the guidance you need.
Provided it is right for your circumstances, one way to grow your super faster is through salary sacrificing. Even a small amount each week or fortnight can have a big impact by the time you retire.
Alternatively, you might want to look at investing outside super. On one hand, the tax treatment of your investments may not be as favourable as it is in the super environment, but on the other hand, you can access your capital and earnings more readily, without having to wait until you reach retirement age.
When it comes to working out the right investment strategy for your needs, speak to your financial adviser. They can create an investment plan tailored for your personal circumstances and lifestyle goals, to put you on course towards a happier financial future.
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